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Heat transfer

Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy (heat) between physical systems. Heat transfer is classified into various mechanisms, such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation, and transfer of energy by phase changes. Engineers also consider the transfer of mass of differing chemical species, either cold or hot, to achieve heat transfer. While these mechanisms have distinct characteristics, they often occur simultaneously in the same system.

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Total Publications
Lifetime
206,182
Prior Five Years
46,593
Total Citations
Lifetime
3,073,834
Prior Five Years
410,850
Total Scholars
Lifetime
153,607
Prior Five Years
107,320

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