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Translation

Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. The English language draws a terminological distinction (which does not exist in every language) between translating (a written text) and interpreting (oral or signed communication between users of different languages); under this distinction, translation can begin only after the appearance of writing within a language community.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
147,814
Prior Five Years
45,004
Total Citations
Lifetime
1,524,083
Prior Five Years
199,288
Total Scholars
Lifetime
150,651
Prior Five Years
115,219

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Disciplines

Scholars based on Disciplines

Publications based on Fields

Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime