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Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era. Although the chronological limits of the period are open to debate, the timeframe spans the period after the late portion of the post-classical age (c. 1400–1500). Known as the Middle Ages, through the beginning of the Age of Revolutions (c. 1800) and is variously demarcated by historians as beginning with the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453, the Renaissance period in Europe and Timurid Central Asia, the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, and the end of the Reconquista and the Age of Discovery (especially the voyages of Christopher Columbus beginning in 1492 but also with Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India in 1498) and ending around the French Revolution in 1789.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
57,145
Prior Five Years
18,413
Total Citations
Lifetime
100,787
Prior Five Years
5,588
Total Scholars
Lifetime
13,430
Prior Five Years
10,133

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United Kingdom
#1
United States
#1
Germany
#2
United States
#2
United Kingdom
#2
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#4
United Kingdom
#4
United Kingdom
#5
Netherlands
#5
United States
#6
United States
#6
United States
#7
United States
#7
Sweden
#8
United States
#8
Netherlands
#9
United States
#9
United States
#10
United States
#10
United States
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Disciplines

Scholars based on Disciplines

Publications based on Fields

Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime