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Epitaxy

Epitaxy refers to a type of crystal growth or material deposition in which new crystalline layers are formed with one or more well-defined orientations with respect to the crystalline substrate. The deposited crystalline film is called an epitaxial film or epitaxial layer. The relative orientation(s) of the epitaxial layer to the crystalline substrate is defined in terms of the orientation of the crystal lattice of each material. For epitaxial growth, the new layer must be crystalline and each crystallographic domain of the overlayer must have a well-defined orientation relative to the substrate crystal structure. Amorphous growth or multicrystalline growth with random crystal orientation does not meet this criterion. For most technological applications, single domain epitaxy, which is the growth of an overlayer crystal with one well-defined orientation with respect to the substrate crystal, is preferred.

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