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Optical disc

In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc that encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits and lands (where a change from pit to land or from land to pit corresponds to a binary value of 1; while no change, regardless of whether in a land or a pit area, corresponds to a binary value of 0) on a special material (often aluminum ) on one of its flat surfaces.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
13,142
Prior Five Years
209
Total Citations
Lifetime
87,770
Prior Five Years
517
Total Scholars
Lifetime
10,661
Prior Five Years
3,944

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United States
#1
United Kingdom
#1
Japan
#2
Japan
#2
Japan
#3
South Korea
#3
Japan
#4
Japan
#4
South Korea
#5
Japan
#6
Japan
#7
Japan
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

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Scholars based on Disciplines

Publications based on Fields

Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime