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Cryptography

Cryptography, or cryptology (from κρυπτόςtranslit=kryptós}} "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "to write", or -λογία -logia, "study", respectively), is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries. More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent third parties or the public from reading private messages; various aspects in information security such as data confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation are central to modern cryptography. Modern cryptography exists at the intersection of the disciplines of mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, communication science, and physics. Applications of cryptography include electronic commerce, chip-based payment cards, digital currencies, computer passwords, and military communications.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
29,742
Prior Five Years
8,848
Total Citations
Lifetime
381,510
Prior Five Years
39,734
Total Scholars
Lifetime
23,353
Prior Five Years
18,839

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Global (Worldwide)
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Publications and Citation History

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Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime