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RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation and expression of genes. RNA and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) are nucleic acids. Along with lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, nucleic acids constitute one of the four major macromolecules essential for all known forms of life. Like DNA, RNA is assembled as a chain of nucleotides, but unlike DNA, RNA is found in nature as a single strand folded onto itself, rather than a paired double strand. Cellular organisms use messenger RNA (mRNA) to convey genetic information (using the nitrogenous bases of guanine, uracil, adenine, and cytosine, denoted by the letters G, U, A, and C) that directs synthesis of specific proteins. Many viruses encode their genetic information using an RNA genome.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
224,097
Prior Five Years
52,340
Total Citations
Lifetime
7,315,236
Prior Five Years
870,020
Total Scholars
Lifetime
365,733
Prior Five Years
281,699

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United States
#1
China
#1
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#4
France
#5
United States
#5
United States
#5
United States
#6
United States
#6
United States
#6
United States
#7
United States
#7
United States
#7
United States
#8
United States
#8
China
#8
Germany
#9
United States
#9
United Kingdom
#9
Spain
#10
United States
#10
United States
#10
United States
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Disciplines

Scholars based on Disciplines

Publications based on Fields

Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime