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Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean1878 or the Austral Ocean,2014Chinese name Nánbīng Yáng (南冰洋).}}}} comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica. As such, it is regarded as the second-smallest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. Over the past 30 years, the Southern Ocean has been subject to rapid climate change, which has led to changes in the marine ecosystem.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
5,323
Prior Five Years
1,297
Total Citations
Lifetime
176,640
Prior Five Years
14,200
Total Scholars
Lifetime
7,502
Prior Five Years
6,280

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Highly Ranked Scholars™

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