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Cold War

The Cold War was a period of ideological and geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, and their respective allies, the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc, after World War II. Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, but the period is generally considered to span the 1947 Truman Doctrine (12 March 1947) to the 1991 Dissolution of the Soviet Union (26 December 1991). The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two superpowers, but they each supported major regional conflicts known as proxy wars. The conflict was based around the ideological and geopolitical struggle for global influence by the two powers, following their temporary alliance and victory against Nazi Germany in 1945. The doctrine of mutually assured destruction (MAD) discouraged a pre-emptive attack by either side. Aside from the nuclear arsenal development and conventional military deployment, the struggle for dominance was expressed via indirect means such as psychological warfare, propaganda campaigns, espionage, far-reaching embargoes, rivalry at sports events and technological competitions such as the Space Race.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
30,225
Prior Five Years
7,621
Total Citations
Lifetime
72,162
Prior Five Years
3,660
Total Scholars
Lifetime
9,505
Prior Five Years
6,645

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United States
#1
United States
#1
United States
#2
United Kingdom
#2
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#5
United States
#5
United Kingdom
#6
United States
#6
Russia
#7
United Kingdom
#7
Canada
#8
United States
#8
United Kingdom
#9
Canada
#9
Netherlands
#10
United Kingdom
#10
Brazil
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Disciplines

Scholars based on Disciplines

Publications based on Fields

Scholars based on Fields

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime