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Pharmacology and Toxicology

Pharmacology is a branch of medicine and pharmaceutical sciences concerned with drug or medication action, where a drug may be defined as any artificial, natural, or endogenous (from within the body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species). More specifically, it is the study of the interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function. If substances have medicinal properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
2,056,289
Prior Five Years
340,481
Total Citations
Lifetime
48,650,442
Prior Five Years
3,774,534
Total Scholars
Lifetime
254,565
Prior Five Years
110,685

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United States
#1
United States
#1
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#3
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#5
United States
#5
Singapore
#5
United States
#6
United States
#6
Iran
#6
France
#7
United States
#7
United States
#7
United States
#8
United States
#8
Netherlands
#8
Poland
#9
United States
#9
United States
#9
#10
United States
#10
United Kingdom
#10
United States
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Top 20 Specialties

Scholars based on Top 20 Specialties

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime