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Speech and Hearing

Speech is human vocal communication using language. Each language uses phonetic combinations of vowel and consonant sounds that form the sound of its words (that is, all English words sound different from all French words, even if they are the same word, e.g., "role" or "hotel"), and using those words in their semantic character as words in the lexicon of a language according to the syntactic constraints that govern lexical words' function in a sentence. In speaking, speakers perform many different intentional speech acts, e.g., informing, declaring, asking, persuading, directing, and can use enunciation, intonation, degrees of loudness, tempo, and other non-representational or paralinguistic aspects of vocalization to convey meaning. In their speech speakers also unintentionally communicate many aspects of their social position such as sex, age, place of origin (through accent), physical states (alertness and sleepiness, vigor or weakness, health or illness), psychic states (emotions or moods), physico-psychic states (sobriety or drunkenness, normal consciousness and trance states), education or experience, and the like.

Metrics Summary

Total Publications
Lifetime
457,493
Prior Five Years
94,088
Total Citations
Lifetime
4,700,321
Prior Five Years
380,675
Total Scholars
Lifetime
48,654
Prior Five Years
22,290

Institutional Rankings

Global (Worldwide)
Academic Institutions
Lifetime
Academic Institutions
Prior Five Years
Non-academic Institutions
Lifetime
#1
United States
#1
United Kingdom
#1
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#2
United States
#3
United States
#3
China
#3
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#4
United States
#5
United Kingdom
#5
Finland
#5
United States
#6
United Kingdom
#6
France
#6
United States
#7
United States
#7
United States
#8
United States
#8
Germany
#9
United States
#9
United Kingdom
#10
United States
#10
Spain
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National Institutional Rankings

Publications and Citation History

Publications based on Top 20 Specialties

Scholars based on Top 20 Specialties

Highly Ranked Scholars™

Lifetime
Prior Five Years

Highly Cited Publications

Lifetime